Physical inactivity has become to be a modern problem because people are less active than they used to be in the past. The Department of Health described inactivity as a ‘silent killer’ as it has been shown that sedentary behavior which is described as not enough time spent in physical activity and prolonged sitting periods are detrimental for health.
Regular exercise is a preventative medicine and can help manage symptoms and improve the condition of most chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, asthma, depression, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer or osteoporosis. It has been shown that physical activity can reduce the risk of these diseases by up to 50% and lower the risk of early death by 30%. In addition, research has shown that exercise has a positive impact on self-esteem, mood, sleep quality and stress.
To keep yourself healthy, it is recommended to be engaged in 150 minutes of moderate or 75 minutes of vigorous physical activity per week plus strength exercises 3 times a week. This can be achieved by a variety of activities such as cycling, swimming or playing team sports.
Aerobic exercise improves endurance which improves your cardiovascular health and helps with weight-loss. Strength training results in increased muscle mass what is associated with better body posture which helps with reducing back pain and makes daily activities easier. Health problems related to declines in muscle strength benefit from increased muscle mass which provides more stability for joints. Flexibility exercises increase optimal range of motion around your joints for better functionality and improved stability which reduces the risk of falls.
However, once the disease has been diagnosed, it is very important to talk to your doctor or with an exercise referral practitioner before starting an exercise routine to get advice on what exercises are safe.